What is a vulvovaginal candidiasis?

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis, or yeast infection, is a common vaginal infection. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by a fungus, or commonly referred to as yeast. Yeast is normally found in your vagina. Too much or some specific types of yeast can cause an infection.

    What increases my risk for a yeast infection?


          Medicines, such as antibiotics, birth control pills, or steroid medicine

          Medical conditions, such as diabetes

          Contraceptive devices, such as diaphragms, sponges, and intrauterine devices

    What are the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection?

          Thick, white, cheese-like discharge from your vagina

          Itching, swelling, and redness in your vagina

          Burning when you urinate

    How is a yeast infection diagnosed and treated?

          Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and examine you. A sample of your vaginal discharge may show what germ is causing your infection

          Medicines help treat the fungal infection and decrease inflammation. The medicine may be a pill, cream, ointment, or vaginal tablet or suppository. With treatment, the infection is usually gone within a week

    Keep your vagina healthy:

          Do not have sex until your symptoms go away. Have your partner wear a condom until you complete your course of medication
          Always wipe from front to back after you use the toilet. This prevents spreading bacteria from your rectal area into your vagina

          Clean in and around your vagina with mild soap and warm water each day. Gently dry the area after washing. Do not use hot tubs. The heat and moisture from hot tubs can increase your risk for another yeast infection

          Do not wear tight-fitting clothes or undergarments for long periods. Wear breathable cotton underwear. Tights and nylons worn for long periods of time might trap heat and moisture which promote yeast growth

          Change your laundry soap or fabric softener if you think it is irritating your skin

          Do not douche or use feminine hygiene sprays or bubble bath. Scented soaps, pads, tampons, or toilet paper may cause additional skin irritation

          Ask your healthcare provider about birth control options if necessary. Condoms have latex and diaphragms have gel that kills sperm. Both of these may irritate your genital area

    When should I contact my healthcare provider?

          You have fever and chills

          You develop abdominal or pelvic pain

          Your discharge is bloody and it is not your monthly period

          Your signs and symptoms get worse, even after treatment

          You have questions or concerns about your condition or care


    You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.   

    © 2017 Truven Health Analytics LLC All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics. 

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