What is a vulvovaginal candidiasis?
Vulvovaginal candidiasis, or yeast infection, is a common vaginal infection. Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by a fungus, or commonly referred to as yeast. Yeast is normally found in your vagina. Too much or some specific types of yeast can cause an infection.
What increases my risk for a yeast infection?
• Medicines, such as antibiotics, birth control pills, or steroid medicine
• Medical conditions, such as diabetes
• Contraceptive devices, such as diaphragms, sponges, and intrauterine devices
What are the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection?
• Thick, white, cheese-like
discharge from your vagina
• Itching, swelling, and redness in your vagina
• Burning when you urinate
How is a yeast infection diagnosed and treated?
• Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and examine you. A sample of your vaginal discharge may show what germ is causing your infection
• Medicines help treat the fungal infection and decrease inflammation. The medicine may be a pill, cream, ointment, or vaginal tablet or suppository. With treatment, the infection is usually gone within a week
Keep your vagina healthy:
• Clean in and around your vagina with mild soap and warm water each day. Gently dry the area after washing. Do not use hot tubs. The heat and moisture from hot tubs can increase your risk for another yeast infection
• Do not wear tight-fitting clothes or undergarments for long periods. Wear breathable cotton underwear. Tights and nylons worn for long periods of time might trap heat and moisture which promote yeast growth
• Change your laundry soap or fabric softener if you think it is irritating your skin
• Do not douche or use feminine hygiene sprays or bubble bath. Scented soaps, pads, tampons, or toilet paper may cause additional skin irritation
• Ask your healthcare provider about birth control options if necessary. Condoms have latex and diaphragms have gel that kills sperm. Both of these may irritate your genital area
When should I contact my healthcare provider?
• You have fever and chills
• You develop abdominal or pelvic pain
• Your discharge is bloody and it is not your monthly period
• Your signs and symptoms get worse, even after treatment
• You have questions or concerns about your condition or care
You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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