Everyone has blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of the blood against the walls of your blood vessel walls. 

     

    Some people have blood pressure that is higher than normal. When that happens, we call the condition high blood pressure or hypertension. When your blood pressure is higher than normal, your heart works harder to pump blood. 

    When your blood pressure remains high for a long period of time, your arteries can get blocked or damaged, and cause the following problems:

     

    What do the 2 numbers in my blood pressure reading mean?

    The top number is the pressure in your arteries when your heart is contracting. The bottom number is the pressure inside your arteries when your heart is relaxed.

    What is a healthy blood pressure reading?

    The following is a guide to know your blood pressure condition (adults):

     

    Will I know when my blood pressure is high? 

    High blood pressure, unless very high or present for many years, usually has no symptoms. Many people do not know when their blood pressure is high. The best way to find out is to have your blood pressure checked by your doctor or nurse. 

    It is recommended that all individuals 18 years or older be screened for high blood pressure. Measuring blood pressure is a simple and quick procedure that can be done in most clinics.


    What causes blood pressure to become high?

    The exact cause of high blood pressure is unknown, however there are several factors that in combination may cause the blood pressure to become high. These factors include smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and genes.


    How can I prevent my blood pressure from becoming high?

    The following can help to control your blood pressure from becoming high:

     

     With reference to www.uptodate.com

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